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Nutrition: Good vs bad

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Good and Bad Fats

There are two main types of fat that we come across daily. These are saturated fats ‘the bad fats’ and unsaturated fats ‘the good fats’. Saturated fats are the fats that clog up arteries and cause cardiovascular diseases. Foods such as; biscuits, crisps, cakes, processed meats and butter should be avoided and certainly diets should not revolve around these foods. Consuming foods that have unsaturated fats in them can actually help reduce cholesterol in the blood stream and reduce the risk of heart disease. Foods such as; oily fish (mackerel, salmon, sardines); seeds; nuts and olive oil are good sources of unsaturated fats.


Salt is vital for the body, however, only 6grams per day is needed for an adult and not the 10grams that is being consumed on average in the UK. Too much salt can lead to raised blood pressure. Therefore, lead to heart disease and stroke. On your food labels salt is often listed as sodium. You should multiply the amount of sodium by 2.5 to get the amount of salt in that product. So, if a packet of crisps has 0.5g of sodium that’s 1.25g of salt nearly a quarter of the recommendation.

Fruit and Veg

1 in 7 people in the UK actually hit the ‘5 a day’ recommended consumption of fruit and veg.

The reason why fruit and vegetables are so beneficial is because of their array of compounds. As well as vitamins and minerals, fruit and vegetables also contain many complex plant components called phytochemicals. Some of the vitamins and phytochemicals are also antioxidants, destroying free radicals in the body. These free radicals are known to have a role in causing cancer as well as other harmful effects.